Description of Medical ServiceProstate Specific Membrane Antigen (PSMA) Positron Emission Tomography (PET) and Computed Tomography (CT) imaging involves the administration of one of several radiopharmaceuticals that share the characteristic of highly specific binding to PSMA. PSMA is present in much higher concentrations in prostate cancer cells than in normal prostate and other tissues. This overexpression of PSMA by prostate cancers allows for highly specific detection of tumour sites throughout the body. The advantages of PSMA PET/CT are particularly apparent for men in whom spread has occurred outside the prostate gland both at staging and later in the course of the disease and for whom prognosis is significantly impaired.
Description of Medical ConditionProstate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer (>19,000 cases pa) and second most common cause of cancer death (>3,000 pa) in Australian men.Between 1986–1990 and 2011–2015, five-year relative survival from prostate cancer improved from 59% to 95%. More than 90,000 Australians are estimated to be living with prostate cancer.
Reason for ApplicationNew MBS item
Medical Service TypeInvestigative
Previous Application Number/sNot Applicable
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